Before you become a big fish tycoon you have to start with these essentials.
If you have not already done so I suggest you start with a good book, especially if you are starting out with a salt water aquarium.
You will need an aquarium or tank.
Before you rush and buy an aquarium you need to consider a few things.
- Where are you going to locate the tank: this will determine the size and shape of the tank you buy.
- What kind of fish are you planning to keep: big fish need bigger tanks.
- Are you planning on a fresh-water or a salt-water aquarium: if this is your first fresh water is recommended.
- Tall narrow tanks are not as healthy as tanks with a greater surface area exposed to the air
It is recommended that you buy the largest tank that your space and money will afford as it is easier to keep the environment healthier and it will allow you more options. There is nothing worse than ending up disappointed with your finished product after putting in all that time and money – think ahead to your big fish tycoon dreams.
Filtration – is the heart of your aquarium and should be given the highest priority in terms of initial investment and future maintenance.
Your filter should be capable of a flow that is equal to 5 times the tank volume on a small tank, and at least 2 times the tank volume on a larger tank.
Air is another essential element in your tank. You will need a pump, an air line, air rocks or other distribution methods.
A source of fresh water – or a dechlorinator to treat your tap water.
To ensure you have the correct temperature in your tank you will need a thermometer and a heater.
Gravel, plants (and plant food) and other features that you want in the tank. You might also want a backdrop for you tank.
Other necessary items include Test Kits for checking the PH, Hardness and Toxin levels of the water in your aquarium. You will need an algae scraper to remove the algae build up. It is enviable that your fish will experience some diseases so it always good to have a selection of medication at hand.
Light bulbs, filter replacements, and of course fish food are also supplies that you will want to have on hand.
Once your tank is set up making sure it is level, out of direct sunlight, close to a suitable power supply, and where you are sure you want – it is much easier to shift while empty! Then you are ready to fill the tank. Make sure the stand will hold the weight.
After you have filled the tank and got your environment in place you are then ready to wait. Unfortunately, it can take up to 8 weeks depending on the size of the tank, and the type of aquarium you are establishing, before it is ready to support fish. Even if you are only setting up a basic fresh water aquarium it is a good idea to leave the newly established tank operating for at least 24 hours before introducing your fish.